Tibetan Institute of Performing Arts (TIPA) is situated in Mcleodganj.
Founded in 1959 by HH Dalai Lama, Tibetan Institute of Performing Arts was formed to preserve and promoteÂ unique and traditional performing arts.
Formerly known as the Tibetan Music, Dance and Drama Society, this institute has artists, instructors, and craftsmen living inside the campus. Here work is done towards preserving everything that matters to Tibetan Buddhist culture, be it dance, music, art, drama, craft and literature.
Visitors can observe the craftsmen prepare traditional paintings, costumes, masks and musical instruments at the workshop.
The store at the institute has video and audio recordings of various performances, books related to Tibetan arts, and souvenirs which are available for visitors.
Other tourist attractions close to this place are Bhagsunath Temple and Falls, Tsuglag khang, Namgyal Monastery and the Norbulingka Institute.
The best time to visit this place is during the cooler months from October to March. One can also visit the Tibetan Institute of Performing Arts during the opera festivals, art festivals or the annual TIPA anniversary celebration.
Located at merely 2 km from the city centre, Tibetan Institute of Performing Arts is the perfect place for everyone to learn more about Tibetan culture
Learn History of Tibetan Buddhism, Listen Tibetan Chant , Tibetan Buddhist Mantra and Meditate in Dharamsala with Tibetan Monks , Tibetan Rites !
Â About Tushita
Tushita is a centre for the study and practice of Buddhism from the Tibetan Mahayana tradition. We’re located in Northern India, in the forested hills above the town of McLeod Ganj, Dharamsala – the seat in exile of His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama.
Tushita aims to provide a friendly and conducive environment for people of all nationalities and backgrounds to learn about and put into practice the teachings of the Buddha. With this in mind we offer regular drop-in events and courses on introductory Buddhist philosophy and meditation, as well as intermediate level courses and group retreats for more experienced students.
The essence of Tibetan Buddhism in Dharamsala..Dalai Lama’s Abode was greatly influenced by Buddhism as practised in India and Nepal. The Buddha is a key figure in the religion of Buddhism anywhere.
Prince Siddartha..Gautama Buddha
( approx. 563 BC-483 BC) was born a Hindu in the Kshatriya caste of warrior aristrocrats, in the Shakya clan’s village of Kapilvastu in the foothills of the Himalayas…now known as ‘Lumbini’ in Nepal.
Siddartha married and had a son, but at age of 29, he left the Palace in search of salvation of the soul..after witnessing a dead body, old age person and a diseased beggar outside his Palace.
He lead a life of an ascetic and wandered around in search for answers!! Around 528 BC he concentrated on meditation under a ‘Bodhi Tree’ in Bodhgaya and realised the ‘Middle Path’ which is the base of Dalai Lama’s Tibetan Buddism in Dharamsala, India.
This ‘Enlightenment’ is called ..’A State of Bodhi’ and hence the name ‘Buddha’ or ‘The Enlightened One’ was given to him by his followers!
For the remaining 45 years of his life he travelled the Gangetic Plain of Central India teaching and founded the community of Buddhist Monks and Nuns.. the Sangha to continue His spiritual teachings after his body had become one with the universe.
Buddha died at Kushinagar, India at the age of 80. His last meal was ‘sukara-maddava’ and His last words were “All things which are made of parts eventually come apart. Be mindful and achieve Enlightenment!”
The rituals of Tibetan Buddhism along with the concept of Universal Peace and Compassion have their roots in Buddha’s Middle Path Philosophy
The Bonpo’s Tradition before Tibetan Buddhism…
Tibet’s oldest spiritual tradition is Bon religion. ‘Tonpa Shenrab’, the founder of this religion, said to have been born in the mythical land of Olmo Lung Ring, renounced the world at the age of 30. Like all ‘Bodisattvas’ he lead a life of austerity and helped people out of their misery and suffering. During his time he arrived in Tibet in the region of Mount Kailash known as ‘The Land of Zhang Zhung’…the historical principal seat of Bon Culture and doctrine.
Today, His Holiness the Dalai Lama in Dharamsala the Head of Tibetan Buddhism has stressed the importance of preserving the traditions of Bon religion as the indigenous source of ancient Tibetan culture. The doctrine taught by Tonpa Shenrab are classified into two types..’The Four Portals and One Treasury’ and ‘The Nine Ways of Bon.’ The Nine ways of Bon is further synthesised into three : The first four as the ‘Casual Ways’, the second four as the ‘Resultant Ways’ and the ninth one as the ‘Way of Great Completion!’ These are all contained in the Bon Canon compromising more than 200 volumes under four sections. The ‘Sutras’..the ‘Prefection of Wisdom’.. the ‘Tantras’..and last is ‘Knowledge’.
With the increasing patronage of Tibetan Buddhism, Bon religion was not into practice from the 08th to the 11th century. However from the 11th century it emerged again inspite of Rituals of Tibetan Buddhism with the efforts of Bon scholars. Menri and Yungdrung in Tibet and Tashi Menri Ling in Himachal Pradesh, India are famous Bon monasteries for study of this religion today.
“OM MANI PADME HUM”.. Tibetan Buddhism
To really enjoy Dharamsala, it is important to understand some of the traditions of Tibetan Buddhism as it is practised in this small township of Dharamshala under the the Dalai Lama mentoring.
The Buddhist mantra in Tibetan script – ‘OM MANI PADME HUM !’ is the famous Buddhist chant which has all the essence of Tibetan Buddhism and is the true ‘Dharma’ in our daily lives today.
Meaning of ‘Om Mani Padme Hum’
There are many explanation of this mantra which so many Buddhist travellers all over the world have chanted from time unknown. This mantra means’discovering the Buddha within myself.’
‘OM’.. Is composed of three letters – ‘A’, ‘U’ and ‘M’. These symbolise the body, speech and mind of a pure Enlightened Buddha.
‘MANI’..An Exalted Jewel symbolises the spiritual intention to attain Enlightenment of the Perfect Mind and a Heart full of Compassion and Love.
‘PADME’..the Pure Lotus flower symbolising Wisdom and Perception just like a Lotus can grow in the dirty stagnant water…still maintaining its beauty and purity.. so can Wisdom of the Mind help us in removing the negative influence and ignorance which surround us.
‘HUM’..An indivisible unity of Karma and Dharma. The sublime immovable result of coordinated action and enlightenment. It is said you should not seek Buddha outside yourself, the substance for achievement of Buddhahood is within yourself.
“HISTORY OF TIBETAN BUDDHISM…”
In our early days in Dharamsala we studied all the rituals of Tibetan Buddhism as one of our guests from Japan was a very High Buddhist Priest who had come to visit His Holiness the Dalai Lama. This initiation into Buddhism really helped us in organizing our Buddhist Tours in the Himalayas!
Buddhism came under the reign of King Lha Thothori Nyantsen in 173 C.E. King Song Tsen Gampo sent his minister Thonmi Sambhota to India to understand Sanskrit to develop a Tibetan script. Acharya Kumara and Brahmin Shankara from India along with the Nepalese Acharya Shilmanju began the translation and propagation of Buddhist teachings in the Land of Avalokiteshwara..the Bodhisattva of Compassion. In the Tibetan Buddhist tradition all Tibetan people are His descendants and whose ancestry can be traced back to the copulation of an Ape ( An emanation of Avalokiteswara ) with an Ogress ( An emanation of Goddess Tara ).
Tibetan buddhism flourished under the reign of King Trison Deutsen after he had invited Abbot Shantarakshita and Acharya Padmasambhava from India to Tibet. They helped in making various monasteries. Padmasambhava founded the Samya Monastery and Nyingma Buddhism was introduced. Starting with King Tri Ralpachen who supported the Golden era of Tibetan Buddhism..there was prosperity everywhere. However His successor King Lang Darma did not support the Buddha teachings.At that time with the effort of Mar Sakya Yeshi, Yogejung and Tsang Rabsel it was regained once more and Buddhist community mutiplied in Western Tibet. However the most vigorous revival of Tibetan Buddhism took place in Western Tibet with the efforts of Lha Lama Yeshe O.. Gradually the the four schools of Buddhism arose – Sakya, Kagyu , Gelug and Nyingma.
The present head of Tibetan Buddhism of the Karma Kagyu tradition is, His Holiness the 17th Gyalwa Karmapa Ogyen Trinley Dorje in Dharamsala ,India
His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet in Exile in Dharamsala, India
Dharamsala is a major cultural hub in the northern state of Himachal Pradesh. Located in the Kangra district this city is famous for its Tibetan culture preached by the famous spiritual leader Dalai Lama. This city was planned to be the summer capital of India but a major earthquake which destroyed the city made the authorities drop their plan. Goibibo.com has all the information on domestic airport at Dharamsala city and you can also use it to make advance flight bookings online. Goibibo.com will help you get best deals on all major domestic flights from Dharamsala city to Amritsar city. There are many institutes in this city which offers short courses in subjects like yoga, meditation, reiki and cooking etc. Mc. Leod Ganj, a part of modern Dharamsala, is the place where you can get some nice hotels and places to stay. Himachal Pradesh is known for its cool and pleasant climate and so is this city. But, apart from the scenic beauty and climate there is a lot more in this beautiful city to offer its tourists. One must not miss to visit the famous Dal Lake. It has nothing to do with the Kashmiri Lake with the same name. The water in this lake looks just like the cooked Dal i.e. lentils which is the reason for its being named Dal. You can also visit Naam Art Gallery, Tibet Museum, Tibetan Library, Kunal Pathari, Dharamkot and the famous Tsuglagkhang Complex which are other famous tourist location in Dharamsala…